NGOS working in Tham Hin Refugee Camp:

COERR Catholic Office for Emergency Relief and Refugees

IRC International Rescue Committee

RTP Right To Play

SCI Save The Children

SVA Shanti Volunteer Association

TBC The Border Consortium

 

 

Tham Hin was established in May 1997 following offensives by the Burmese military in Tenasserim Division, which caused extensive displacement of civilians across the Thailand Burma border. Three temporary sites were established for the displaced persons: Huay Sot and Bor Wii in Ratchaburi Province, Suan Phung District and Phu Muang in Kanchanaburi Province, Danmakhamtia District.

 

Orientation

Location: Suan Phung District, Ratchaburi Province
Distance from Border: 10 kms in a straight line
Distance from Kanchanaburi: 90 kms / approx. 2 hours driving time
Distance from Sangklaburi: 295 kms / approx. 4½ hours driving time
Distance from Bangkok: 170 kms / approx. 3 hours driving time
Accessibility: Car: all-year-round access (incl. 13 kms of unpaved road)
Phone: no mobile phone coverage
Camp Geography: Area 40 rai (6 ha)
TBC Feeding Population: 6,749 (March 2012)

Breakdown by Age
<5 Yrs
5-17 Yrs
Adult
11.9%
33.9%
54.2%
Breakdown by Gender
Female
Male
51.47%
48.53%
Breakdown by Ethnicity
Karen
Burman
Other
98.5%
0.99%
0.51%
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History

The conditions at these sites were kept very rudimentary (sleeping on the ground with only thin plastic roofing and skeletal bamboo structures). Agreement was reached in April 1997 to move the three sites to the current camp location, and this was completed two months later in June. Though Tham Hin has been a de facto “closed site” since the end of 1997, increases in the population have occurred.

In December 2001, UNHCR’s camp for political refugees at Maneeloy was closed and a new zone (Zone 4) was created for the remaining residents from there.

Due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid, although the camp office, and health and education centres in the camp have access to power from electric generators. Some households also have access to these to recharge vehicle batteries to power residential lighting.

Conditions at Tham Hin are severely cramped, and have been kept intentionally rudimentary by the Thai authorities, only allowing plastic sheeting for roofing because thatch is considered a fire hazard.

The camp has never been attacked, though Burmese Army troop movements in the area have sometimes led to increased security awareness.

                                                                                                               Courtesy of The Border Consortium

Resettlement (Source: IOM)
In 2005, RTG gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. Statistics for resettlement by camp are available since 2006. As of December 2011, 6,475 persons have departed from Tham Hin since 2006, with the majority resettling in the USA. 

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  Map : Courtesy of The Border Consortium