Nu Po is also commonly spelt Nopho/ Noh Hpo, and means “small lake” in Karen language.

Location: Mae Chan Sub-district, Umphang District, Tak Province
Distance from Border: 8 kms in a straight line, 13 kms by road to the border village of Perng Klerng
Distance from Mae Sot: 232 kms / approx. 5 hours driving time
Distance from Umphang: 68 kms / approx. 1½ hours driving time
Accessibility: Car: All-year-round access (public transport available)
Phone: No mobile phone coverage, although a landline was set up at the camp office (Oct 2010); public phone available at MoI office
Camp Geography: Area about 400 rai (64 ha)
TBC Feeding Population: 14,994 (March 2012)

Breakdown by Age
<5 Yrs
5-17 Yrs
Adult
 
11%
33.5%
55.4%
 
Breakdown by Gender
Female
Male
 
49.82%
50.18%
 
Breakdown by Ethnicity
Karen
Burman
Mon
Other
77.76%
9.17%
1.85%
11.22%
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History

Nu Po camp was set up in March 1997 after a major offensive during which the Burma Army took control of Duplaya District in Karen State. It was established to consolidate the existing refugee populations of Meteroke and Baw Ner Hta camps (both were set up in 1992 and had populations of 4,595 and 2,078 respectively) and to house new arrivals fleeing from the current offensive. The original caseload was predominantly of Karen ethnicity, with a significant Muslim contingent.

Currently, due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid, although the camp office, health, education and social service centres in the camp have access to power from electric generators. Hydro electricity is also widely generated in the camp, mainly to recharge vehicle batteries to power household lighting. Several privately-operated mobile phone and internet services exist in the camp.

                                                                                                           Courtesy of The Border Consortium

Resettlement (Source: IOM)
In 2005, RTG gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. Statistics for resettlement by camp are available since 2006. As of December 2011, 6,290 persons have departed from Nu Po – the majority resettling in the USA.

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  Map : Courtesy of The Border Consortium